This presentation will discuss a life course model of the linkages among key dimensions of Socioeconomic attainment among individual mothers (e.g., educational attainment) and their children’s educational opportunities in early childhood (e.g., enrollment in early education programs) and in young adulthood (e.g., enrollment in colleges and universities).  It does so with two main comparisons: 1) among a set of affluent English-speaking countries who represent different levels of the modern “liberal welfare state” (Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, United

Kingdom, United States) and 2) among a set of countries in the Americas differing in overall economic development and exposure to a recent economic crisis (Brazil, Mexico, Canada).  This comparative approach can provide insights into the ways that different aspects of national context — including economic trends, norms of family life, generosity of social policies, and the institutionalization of public education—influence the relative standing of different types of mothers within their societies and the scaffolding available to reduce inequality among their developing children.

Professor Robert Crosnoe is the Rapoport Centennial Professor at the University of Texas at Austin, where he is Chair of the Department of Sociology.  Prior to going to UT, he received a Ph.D. from Stanford University and completed a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  Dr. Crosnoe’s research considers the connections among health, child/adolescent development, and education and the contributions of these connections to socioeconomic and immigration-related inequalities in American society.  Examples of his books are Fitting In, Standing Out: Navigating the Social Challenges of High School to Get an Education and Debating Early Child Care: The Relationship between Developmental Science and the Media, both from Cambridge University Press.  Dr. Crosnoe is currently the President of the Society for Research on Adolescence.


Institute for Social Science Research (ISSR)
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