Aims:
  • Assess how Government programs have performed against key government priorities: delivering infrastructure and services effectively and equitably.
  • Assess the impact public finance modalities were having on other policy priorities, including stability and peace, local governance and accountability and local disputes and conflicts.
  • To inform public dialogue about how resources are being distributed and used at the local level, the quality of assets being created and services delivered, and the patterns of commercial, social and political opportunities that are emerging.
Policy Impact:
  • To contribute to ongoing efforts by the Government to define systems and procedures for district development (including responsibilities for local planning, finance management and procurement) as it implements the Decree.
  • Contribution to the ongoing discussion initiated by the Minister of Finance and the g7 + Group of Fragile States about innovative approaches to public finance and procurement in fragile and conflict-affected settings.

Sub-national Spending in Timor-Leste: Lessons from Experience

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the mechanisms used by the Government of Timor-Leste to manage sub-national spending in recent years, including: i) the Local Development Program (Programa Dezenvolvimentu Lokal, PDL), underway since 2004; and ii) the Referendum Package (or Pakote Referendum, PR) initiated in 2009, and progressively refined as the Decentralized Development Program (the Programa de Dezenvolvimentu Desentralizadu, or PDD) since 2010.

The Study assessed how these programs have performed in respect of a number of key government policy priorities in order to inform conclusions and lessons for the future.  A dynamic approach was adopted, so as to adequately acknowledge and account for how shifts in the government’s policy priorities over time, in response to the changing context, had been reflected in the institutional arrangements that govern(ed) sub-national spending.

The Study was prompted by the Decree Law for Integrated District Development Planning (PDID, Planeamento de Dezenvolvimentu Integradu  Distrit├íl) promulgated in January 2012.  Its primary purpose was forward looking, namely, to contribute to ongoing efforts by the Government to define systems and procedures, and corresponding responsibilities for local planning, finance management and procurement as it implemented the Decree.

At the same time, the Study was intended to inform public dialogue about how resources were (and are) being distributed and used at the local level, the quality of assets being created and services delivered, and the patterns of commercial, social and political opportunities that are emerging.

Funding: 
World Bank
Government of Timor-Leste
Partners: 
World Bank and the Government of Timor-Leste
Date: 
2012 to 2013
Time status: 
Complete
Contact: 
Professor Mark Moran (mark.moran@uq.edu.au)
Aims:
  • Assess how Government programs have performed against key government priorities: delivering infrastructure and services effectively and equitably.
  • Assess the impact public finance modalities were having on other policy priorities, including stability and peace, local governance and accountability and local disputes and conflicts.
  • To inform public dialogue about how resources are being distributed and used at the local level, the quality of assets being created and services delivered, and the patterns of commercial, social and political opportunities that are emerging.
Publications and Reports: 

Moran (M). 2012. Evaluation of Sub-National Spending Modalities and Operations: Rural Infrastructure Engineering and Procurement, The World Bank, Justice for the Poor Program, Timor-Leste.

Moran (M). 2013. Sub-National Spending in Timor-Leste: Lessons from Experience: Policy Review Note; Government of Timor-Leste, Ministry of Finance & World Bank, Justice for the Poor Program.

Cluster: 
Type: 
Program Evaluative
Keywords: 
Policy analysis
Policy evaluation
Resilience
Social capital
Employment
Legitimacy
Community
Number: 
ISSR020874